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MICHIGAN NEUROSCIENCE
St. Joseph Mercy Oakland leads the way as Michigan's first certified primary stroke center and home of the Michigan Stroke Network, the most advanced stroke response program in the nation. From top level neuroscience doctors to breakthrough treatments in brain injury care, St. Joseph Mercy Oakland caters to Michigan's neuroscience needs.

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Yasmeen Ahmad, MD
St. Joseph Mercy Oakland
Neurologist
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THE FACTS ABOUT Stroke is a Leading Cause of Death and Disability

Background

Stroke is one of the three leading causes of death and a leading cause of disability in adults. More than 700,000 individuals suffer a stroke each year.

Strokes occur when there is a significant reduction of blood supply to the brain either through the rupture or blockage of a brain artery. When blood supply is reduced, brain cells die. However, timely intervention can restore blood supply and prevent permanent brain damage. Small numbers of strokes are caused by bleeding secondary to high blood pressure or a congenital defect in a blood vessel.
 


 

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Risk factors
You can help reduce your risk of stroke by controlling such factors as:
•    High blood pressure
•    High cholesterol 

Other risk factors are:
•    Diabetes
•    Smoking
•    Advancing age
•    Heart disease

Symptoms
Stroke causes a sudden onset of symptoms such as: slurred speech, facial droop, unilateral weakness, loss of balance, loss of vision in one eye, inability to speak or understand, and loss of strength or sensations or both on one side of the body. Individuals who suddenly experience a combination of these symptoms, within minutes should consider stroke as a possible cause and seek immediate medical attention.


Treatment
When a stroke does occur a drug called TPA (tissue plasminogen activator) can restore blood supply to the brain and minimize disability and damage—if given quickly. With crucial timely treatment many patients are able to recover some or all of their neurological function after receiving the drug. TPA can be given intravenously within three hours of stroke onset to break up the clot and restore circulation. It also may be given directly at the blockage site within six hours after stroke onset.



Prevention
When an individual experiences stroke symptoms for less than 24 hours it is called a Transient Ischaemic Attack. A diagnostic work up and treatment are needed if the following criteria are met:
•    Age greater than 60 years
•    Blood pressure higher than 140
•    High cholesterol
•    Symptoms such as unilateral weakness or speech problems lasting more than 10 minutes
•    If diabetes is present

Referral
For a SJMO physician or a neurologist near you, please call the physician referral line at 800.372.6094.
 

 

 

 

THE MEDICAL REPORT LIBRARY:

MICHIGAN NEUROSCIENCE
 
 
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